IJE TRANSACTIONS C: Aspects Vol. 31, No. 3 (March 2018) 440-449    Article in Press

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R. Sadeghi Rad, N. Nahavandi, Ali Hosseinzadeh and S.H. Zegordi
( Received: August 13, 2017 – Accepted in Revised Form: October 12, 2017 )

Abstract    In this paper, a mathematical programming model is presented for integrated problem of closed loop supply chain network design and supplier selection. The suppliers propose discount policy based on purchase amount and loyalty of buyers which are both taken from the elements of RFM (Recency, Frequency and Monetary) technique. The main objective of this paper which is formulated by a mixed-integer programming model is to minimize the total cost through determining location of facilities, production plan, inventory levels, flows between facilities, transportation type, purchasing amount and selecting best supplier based on a beneficial relationship. Sensitivity analysis is carried out to validate the model and examine the effects of considering discount according to purchase amount and loyalty on the supply chains costs and decisions. Computational results show the effectiveness and usefulness of the model.


Keywords    Supplier selection, Closed-loop Supply Chain Network, Loyalty, Discount


چکیده    در اين مقاله يك مدل برنامه ريزي رياضي براي مساله يكپارچه طراحي شبكه زنجيره تامين حلقه بسته و انتخاب تامين كننده ارائه مي­گردد. تامين كنندگان، سياست تخفيف را بر اساس ميزان خريد و وفاداري خريداران درنظر مي­گيرند كه اين دو سياست تخفيف بر گرفته از مولفه­هاي تكنيك RFM مي­باشد. بر خلاف ساير مدل­هاي طراحي شبكه زنجيره تامين حلقه بسته كه در انتخاب تامين كننده بيشتر به قيمت واحد مواد و تخفيف مقداري ارائه شده توجه دارند، مدل پيشنهادي سياست تخفيف مبتني بر وفاداري را همراه با قيمت واحد مواد خام و تخفيف مقداري، در انتخاب تامين كننده در نظر مي­گيرد. هدف اين مقاله كه به صورت مدل برنامه ريزي عدد صحيح مي­باشد، حداقل سازي هزينه­هاي كلي زنجيره تامين از طريق تعيين مكان تسهيلات، برنامه توليد، سطوح موجودي، جريان بين تسهيلات، نوع وسيله حمل و نقل، ميزان خريد و انتخاب بهترين تامين كننده بر مبناي ارتباط سودمند مي­باشد. به منظور اعتبارسنجي مدل، تحليل حساسيت صورت مي­گيرد و بر اين اساس تاثيرات در نظر گرفتن تخفيف بر اساس ميزان خريد و وفاداري بر هزينه­ها و تصميمات زنجيره تامين مورد بررسي قرار مي­گيرد. نتايج محاسباتي كارايي و سودمندي مدل پيشنهادي را نشان مي­دهد.


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