IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 31, No. 2 (February 2018) 256-261    Article in Press

PDF URL: http://www.ije.ir/Vol31/No2/B/9.pdf  
downloaded Downloaded: 0   viewed Viewed: 95

V. Ranga and L. Sumi
( Received: August 01, 2017 – Accepted: November 30, 2017 )

Abstract    Traffic congestion worldwide has led to loss of human lives due to failure in transporting accident victims, critical patients, medical equipment and medicines on time. With the unending growth in vehicular traffic everywhere, Internet of Things (IOT) and Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) have embarked as a promising platform for an Intelligent Traffic Management System (ITMS). Many researches have been done to clear emergency vehicles, but they have not only failed to meet the target travel time of an emergency vehicle, but also failed to provide solutions, when traffic signals are hacked. This paper proposes an intelligent traffic management system for a Smart City that is inspired by the concepts of IoT and VANET. In the proposed solution, emergency vehicles are scheduled to prioritize them for a smooth passage through the traffics based on incident type. It not only navigates ambulances in finding the shortest possible paths till their destination, but also presents a solution to detect and respond to hacking of traffic signals. To show the superiority of our proposed system, a simulated environment modeling actual roads and vehicle movements has been demonstrated using CupCarbon simulator. Comparative results exhibits superior performance of our proposed system over the other recently proposed ITS for emergency vehicles, in terms of both congestion avoidance, transmission delay, travel time and respond to hacking.


Keywords    Internet of Things (IoT), Vehicular Ad-hoc network (VANET), Intelligent Traffic Management System (ITMS), Emergency vehicles, Road Side Units (RSUs), Smart Cities.


References    CupCarbon U-one Simulator: http://www.cupcarbon.com.Lucy Sumi and Virender Ranga: Sensor enabled IoT for Smart Cities, IEEE Conference on Parallel Grid and Distributed Computing (PGDC-2016), Solan, Himachal Pradesh, pp. 295-300, 27 April 2017.Smitha Shekhar B, Narender Kumar G, Usha Rani, Divyashree C K, Gayatri and Aparajitha Murali: GPS based shortest path for Ambulances using VANETs, International Conference on Wireless Networks (ICWN (2012), vol. 49, pp. 190-196, Singapore, 2012.Soufiene Djahel, Mazeriar Salehie, Irina Tal and Pooyan Jamshidi: Adaptive traffic management for secure and efficient emergency services in smart cities, IEEE conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, pp. 340-343, San Diego, 08 July 2013.Rajeshwari Sundar, Santhoshs Hebbar and Varaprasad Golla: Implementating Intelligent Traffic Control System for Congestion Control, Ambulance Clearance, and Stolen Vehicle Detection, IEEE Sensors, vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 1109-1113, February 2015.Abdullahi Chowdhury: Priority Based and Secured Traffic Management System for Emergency Vehicle using IOT, IEEE, International Conference on Engineering & MIS (ICEMIS), 17 November 2016.A. K. Mittal and D. Bhandari: A novel approach to implement green wave system and detection of stolen vehicles, Advance Computing Conference (IACC), 2013 IEEE 3rd International. IEEE, Conference Proceedings, pp. 1055–1059.Lucy Sumi and Virender Ranga: An IoT-VANET based Traffic Management System for Emergency Vehicles in a Smart City, 5th International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics (ICACNI-2017), Springer, NIT Goa, June 1-3 2017, to be appeared.Mevlut T. Garip, Mehmet E. Gursoy and Peter Reiher, Mario Gerla: Congestion Attacks to Autonomous Cars UsingVehicular Botnets, SENT 2015, 8 February 2015, San Diego, USAFrancisco J. Martinez, Chai-Keong, Jaun-Carlos, Carlos T and Pietro M: Emergency Services in future Intelligence Transportation System based on Vehicular Communication Networks, IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems , Vol. 2, pp. 07-20, 25 October 2010Minghe Yu, Dapeng Zhang, Yurong Cheng and Mingshun Wang: An RFID Electronic Tag based Automatic Vehicle Identification System for Traffic IoT Applications, Control and Decision Conference (CDC), IEEE, pp. 4192-4197, 01 August 2011 Luca Foschini, Tarik Taleb, Antonio Corradi and Dario Bottazzi: M2M-based Metropolitan Plateform for IMS-enabled Road Traffic Management in IoT, IEEE Communications Magazine,  Vol. 49, pp. 50-56,10 Nov 2011Vicente Milanes, Jorge Villagra, Jorge Godoy, Javier Simo, Jishue perez and Enrique Onieva: An Intelligent V2I-based Traffic Management System, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 13, No.1, pp. 49-58, March 2012Carolina Tripp, Miguel Mateos, Pblo Reganas, Ahmad Mohamad and Monica Aguilar: Smart City for VANET using Warning messages, Traffic Statistics and Intelligent Traffic Lights, 2012 Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, pp. 902-907, Spain, 5 July 2012Kashif Naseer and Abdul Hasan: A survey on Intelligent Transportation System, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, pp. 629-642, 2013Ing-Chau Chang, Hung-Ta Tai, Feng-Han, Ding-Lin Hseih and Siao-Hui Chang: A VANET-based A* Route Planning Algorithm for Travelling Time-and Energy-Efficient GPS Navigation App, International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, pp. 1-14, 18 July 2013Miao Wang, Hangguan Shan, Rongxing LU, Ran Zhang, Xuemin Shen and Fan Bai: Real-Time Path Planning based on Hybrid-VANET-Enhanced Transportation System, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 64, No. 5,  pp. 1664-1678, 02 July 2014Hasan Omar Al-Sakran: Intelligent Traffic Information System based on Integration of Internet of Things and Agent Technology, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA), Vol. 6, No. 7, pp. 37-43, 2015Chatrapathi C and M. Newlin Rajkumar: VANET based Integrated Framework for Smart Accident Management System, 2015 International Conference on Soft-Computing and Networks Security (ICSNS), Coimbatore, 08 October 2015Cynthia Jayapal and Sujith Roy: Road Traffic Congestion Management using VANET, International Conference on Advances in Human Machine Interaction (HMI-2016), Bangalore, 11 April 2016

Download PDF 

International Journal of Engineering
E-mail: office@ije.ir
Web Site: http://www.ije.ir