IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 31, No. 4 (April 2018) 659-665    Article in Press

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A. Lakshumu Naidu and S. Kona
( Received: July 21, 2017 – Accepted in Revised Form: October 12, 2017 )

Abstract    Effect of addition of filler material to the natural fiber composite was experimentally investigated. Composites are manufactured by the conventional hand-layup method. All composites are made with a fixed banana fiber with 15% weight fraction addition of different weight fraction of (0, 3, 5, 7.5%) groundnut shell ash is added to the composite. Tensile, hardness, impact and compressive strength are conducted to find the mechanical behaviour of the composites. Preparation and testing were conducted according to ASTM standards. Results illustrate that mechanical properties are improved by the addition of groundnut shell ash to the epoxy based banana fiber composite. Natural fiber composites are predominantly used in automobile (Door pannels, interior parts and cabin linings), aerospace and packing material. Natural fibers have more advantages like low cost, biodegradable and low density than the inorganic materials, the environmental impact of the natural fibers are less compared to synthetic fibers.


Keywords    Reinforced Polymer Composites; Banana Fibers; Mechanical Properties; Groundnut Shell Ash


چکیده    اثر افزودن مواد پرکننده به ترکیبات فیبر طبیعی به صورت آزمایشی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. کامپوزیت ها با استفاده از روش دست خط معمولی تولید می شوند. تمام کامپوزیت ها با فیبر موز ثابت با قطر وزن 15 درصد و همچنین وزن متفاوت از (0، 3، 5، 7.5 درصد)، خاکستر پوسته زمین زمین به کامپوزیت اضافه می شود. کشش، سختی، ضربه و مقاومت فشاری برای یافتن رفتار مکانیکی کامپوزیت ها انجام می شود. آماده سازی و آزمایش بر اساس استانداردهای ASTM انجام شد. نتایج نشان می دهد که خواص مکانیکی با افزودن خاکستر پوسته زمین زمستانه به کامپوزیت فیبر موز بر پایه اپوکسی بهبود یافته است. کامپوزیت های فیبر طبیعی عمدتا در اتومبیل استفاده می شود (پانل های درب، قطعات داخلی و کابین روکش)، هوا فضا و مواد بسته بندی. الیاف طبیعی دارای مزایای بیشتری از قبیل کم هزینه، تخریب زیستی و چگالی کم نسبت به مواد غیر آلی هستند، تاثیر محیطی الیاف طبیعی نسبت به الیاف مصنوعی کمتر است.


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