IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 32, No. 5 (May 2019) 647-653   

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M. Ichsan Ali, A. Hafid Hasim and M. Raiz Abidin
( Received: November 02, 2018 – Accepted in Revised Form: May 02, 2019 )

Abstract    Makassar is one of the metropolitan cities located in Indonesia which recently experiences massive an increased construction because of population growth. Mapping the spatial distribution and development of the built-up region is the best method that can use as an indicator to set the urban planning policy. The purpose of this study is to identify changes in land use and density in Makassar City that occurred in 2013 and 2017 primarily for built areas, including settlements using optical data, especially Landsat data. The data analyzed by using multi-temporal Landsat OLI 8 data taken from 2013 to 2017. Normalized Difference Built-Up Index (NDBI), Urban Index (UI) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) are the spectral indices produced from Landsat OLI band covering Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) wavelength, visible Red (R) and Near Infrared (NIR) areas that can be revealed by examining changes in land use and area cover. The result shows that both spectral indices namely NDBI and UI indicate an increased built-up area approximately 18 and 6%, respectively over four years. Also, based on NDBI reveals that most an increased built-up area distributes in the north of Makassar (Biringkanaya sub-district), meanwhile UI shows that Biringkanaya and Manggala sub-districts experience an increased built-up area. The development of the city will also never be separated from the history of city growth, current conditions, and the growth of the town to come. The phenomenon of the development of the town will include the development of city elements in detail, aspects of the shape of the town and the development of city regulations.


Keywords    Geographic Information System; Landsat OLI 8; Land Use; Remote Sensing



مك كاسر يكي از شهرهاي بزرگ اندونزي است كه به دليل رشد جمعيت، به دليل افزايش جمعيت، ساختمان هاي بزرگي را به وجود آورده است. نقشه برداری توزیع فضایی و توسعه منطقه ساخته شده بهترین روش است که می تواند به عنوان شاخص برای تعیین سیاست های برنامه ریزی شهری استفاده شود. هدف از این مطالعه شناسایی تغییرات در استفاده و تراکم زمین در شهر ماکاسار است که در سالهای 2013 و 2017 رخ داده است که عمدتا برای مناطق ساخته شده است، از جمله شهرک سازی با استفاده از داده های نوری، به ویژه داده های لندست. داده های مورد تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از داده های ماهواره ای Landsat OLI 8 چند ساله از 2013 تا 2017 گرفته شده است. شاخص NDBI، شاخص شهری (UI) و شاخص پوشش گیاهی (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) (NDVI) شاخص های طیفی تولید شده از گروه Landsat OLI پوشش موج کوتاه موج مادون قرمز (SWIR) مناطق سرخ و مناطق مادون قرمز نزدیک ((NIR را می توان با بررسی تغییرات در استفاده از زمین و پوشش منطقه نشان داد. نتیجه نشان می دهد که هر دو شاخص طیفی یعنی NDBI و UI نشان دهنده افزایش تقاضای مسکن در حدود 18 و 6 درصد به ترتیب بیش از چهار سال است. همچنین براساس NDBI نشان می دهد که اکثر منطقه افزایش یافته در شمال مازار بخش فرعی (Biringkanaya) توزیع می شود، در عین حال UI نشان می دهد که مناطق فرعی Biringkanaya و Manggala منطقه افزایش یافته را تجربه می کنند. توسعه شهر نیز هرگز از تاریخ رشد شهر، شرایط فعلی و رشد شهر پیشی نخواهد گرفت. پدیده توسعه شهر شامل توسعه عناصر شهر به تفصیل، جنبه های شکل شهر و توسعه مقررات شهرستان است.


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