IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 32, No. 5 (May 2019) 641-646   

PDF URL: http://www.ije.ir/Vol32/No5/B/3-3064.pdf  
downloaded Downloaded: 16   viewed Viewed: 76

P. V. Melnikov, A. E. Kozhukhova, A. O. Naumova, N. A. Yashtulov and N. K. Zaitsev
( Received: January 20, 2019 – Accepted in Revised Form: May 02, 2019 )

Abstract    A special sensitive element based on the novel composite material was created. The sensor has a linear calibration and is resistant to aliphatic hydrocarbons, in particular aviation fuel. A low cost and easy-to-implement method for calibrating the sensor was proposed. Temperature dependence of the oxygen mass transfer coefficient kL was measured for aviation fuel TS-1 (Russian equivalent of Jet A-1) in the temperature range of 10 to 40 °C as a demonstration of the sensor capabilities. The dependence found obeys the Arrhenius equation with the parameters EA = 21.7 ± 1.5 kJ/mol, kL0 = 1080 ± 90 m·h-1. The resistance to mechanical action is one of the important advantages over the sensor made of a sol-gel matrix with a protective coating. Damage to some part of the surface does not change the properties of the entire sensor, since the composite material contains a large number of isolated particles with a dye.


Keywords    Oxygen Sensor; Optical Sensor; Phosphorescence Quenching; Organic Solvents; Oxygen Transfer Rate; Aviation Fuel; Resistance to Aliphatic Hydrocarbons



یک عنصر حساس ویژه بر اساس مواد کامپوزیتی جدید ابداع گردید. سنسور مورد نظر یک کالیبراسیون خطی دارد و به هیدروکربن های آلیفاتیک، مخصوصا سوخت هواپیما، مقاوم است. یک روش کم هزینه و آسان برای پیاده سازی کالیبراسیون سنسور پیشنهاد شده است. وابستگی دما به ضریب انتقال جرم اکسیژن kL برای سوخت هواپیما TS-1 معادل روسی (Jet A-1) در محدوده دما 10 تا 40 درجه سانتیگراد ظاهرا قابلیت های اندازه گیری سنسور را دارد. وابستگی مشخص شده مطابق معادله آرنینوس با پارامترهای EA = 21.7 ± 1.5 kJ/mol، kL0 = 1080 ± 90 m·h-1 است. مقاومت در برابر فعالیت مکانیکی یکی از مزایای مهم در برابر حسگر ساخته شده از ماتریس sol-gel با پوشش محافظتی است. آسیب به برخی از قسمت های سطح خواص کل سنسور را تغییر نمی دهد، زیرا مواد کامپوزیت شامل تعداد زیادی ذرات جدا شده با رنگ را دارند.


1.   Keming, L.; Baoe, Y. and Zhongli, Z., “Investigation of Heat Transfer and Coking Characteristics of Hydrocarbon Fuels”, Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 14, No. 5, (1998), 789-796.
2. Jamie, S.E. and Theodore, F.W., “Dissolved Oxygen Concentration and Jet Fuel Deposition”, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 35, (1996), 899-904.
3. Melissa, A.R. and Andre, L.B., “The Effect of Fuel Composition and Dissolved Oxygen on Deposit Formation from Potential JP-900 Basestocks”, Energy & Fuels, Vol. 18, (2004), 835-843.
4. Xin-yan, P. and Ling-yun, H., “Effect of dissolved oxygen concentration on coke deposition of kerosene”, Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 142, (2016), 86-91.
5. Mardi K., M., Abdolalipouradl , M. and Khalilarya, Sh., “The effect of exhaust gas recirculation on performance and emissions of a SI engine fuelled with ethanol-gasoline blends”, International Journal of Engineering, Transactions A: Basics, Vol. 28, No. 1, (2015), 130-135.
6. Towfighi , J., Modarres , J., Omidkhah, M. and Niaei , A., “Estimation of kinetic parameters of coking reaction rate in pyrolylsis of naphtha”, International Journal of Engineering Transactions B: Applications, Vol. 17, No. 4, (2004), 319-332. 
7. Marques, M.P., de Carvalho, C.C., Cabral, J.M. and Fernandes, P., “Scaling-up of complex whole-cell bioconversions in conventional and non-conventional media”, Biotechnology & Bioengineering, Vol. 106, No. 4, (2010), 619-626.
8. Quaranta, M., Murkovic, M. and Klimant, I., “A new method to measure oxygen solubility in organic solvents through optical oxygen sensing”, Analyst, Vol. 138, (2013), 6243-6245. 
9. Escobar, L., Salvador, C., Contreras, M. and Escamilla, J.E., “On the application of the Clark oxygen electrode to the study of enzyme kinetics in apolar solvents: the catalase reaction”, Analytical Biochemistry, Vol. 184, (1990), 139-144.
10. Wang, X. and Wolfbeis, O.S., “Optical methods for sensing and imaging oxygen: materials, spectroscopies and applications”, Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 43, (2014), 3666–3761.
11. Papkovsky, D., Zhdanov, A.V., Fercher, A., Dmitriev, R.I. and Hynes, J., “Phosphorescent Oxygen-Sensitive Probes”, SpringerBriefs in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Springer, Basel, (2012).
12. Ramesh, H., Mayr, T., Hobisch, M., Borisov, S., Klimant, I., Krühne, U. and Woodley, J. M., “Measurement of oxygen transfer from air into organic solvents”, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol, Vol. 91, (2016), 832–836.
13. Zaitsev, N.K., Melnikov, P.V., Alferov, V.A., Kopytin, A.V. and German, K.E., “Stable optical oxygen sensing material based on perfluorinated polymer and fluorinated platinum(II) and palladium(II) porphyrins”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 168, (2016), 309-312.
14. Xavier, M.P., Garcia-Fresnadillo, D., Moreno-Bondi, M.C. and Orellana, G., “Oxygen Sensing in Nonaqueous Media Using Porous Glass with Covalently Bound Luminescent Ru(II) Complexes”, Anal. Chem., Vol. 70, No. 24, (1998), 5184-5189.
15. Lehner, P., Staudinge,r C., Borisov, S.M. and Klimant, I., “Ultra-sensitive optical oxygen sensors for characterization of nearly anoxic systems”, Nature Communications, Vol. 5, (2014), 4460.
16. Cheng-Shane, C. and Che-An, L., “Optical fiber sensor for dual sensing of temperature and oxygen based on PtTFPP/CF embedded in sol–gel matrix”, Sensors and Actuators B, Vol. 195, (2014), 259-265.
17. Zaitsev, N.K., Dvorkin, V. I., Melnikov, P.V. and Kozhukhova, A.E., “A Dissolved Oxygen Analyzer with an Optical Sensor”, Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 73, No. 1, (2018), 102-108.
18. Antropov, A.P., Ragutkin, A.V., Melnikov, P.V. and Zaitsev N. K., “Composite material for optical oxygen sensor”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 289, (2018), 012031.
19. Melnikov, P.V., Naumova, A.O., Alexandrovskaya, A.Yu. and Zaitsev, N.K., “Optimizing production conditions for a composite optical oxygen sensor using mesoporous SiO2” Nanotechnologies in Russia, Vol. 13, No. 11–12, (2018), 602-608.
20. ISO 5813:1983, Water quality – Determination of dissolved oxygen – Iodometric method.
21. Garcia-Ochoa, F. and Gomez, E., “Bioreactor scale-up and oxygen transfer rate in microbial processes: an overview”, Biotechnology Advances, Vol. 27, (2009), 153-176.
22. Weiwei, F., Na, Z., Lingxin, C. and Bowei, Li., “An optical sensor for monitoring of dissolved oxygen based on phase detection”, Journal of Optics, Vol. 15, No. 5, (2013), 055502.
23. Rubey, W. A., Striebich , R. C., Tissandier, M. D., Tirey, D. A. and Anderson, S. D., “Gas Chromatographic Measurement of Trace Oxygen and Other Dissolved Gases in Thermally Stressed Jet Fuel”, Journal of Chromatographic Science, Vol. 33, (1995), 433-437.
24. Ardestani, F., Rezvani, F. and Najafpour, G., “Evaluation of Cell Growth and Substrate Consumption Kinetic of Five Different Lactobacilli in a Submerged Batch Whey Culture for Lactic Acid Production”, International Journal of Engineering Transactions A: Basics, Vol. 28, No. 7, (2015), 970-977.
25. Abdollahzadeh Sharghi, E., Shorgashti, A. and Bonakdarpour, B., “The Study of Organic Removal Efficiency and Membrane Fouling in a Submerged Membrane Bioreactor Treating Vegetable Oil Wastewater”, International Journal of Engineering Transactions C: Aspetcs, Vol. 29, No. 12, (2016), 1642-1649.
26. Ghasemian, P., Abdollahzadeh Sharghi, E. and Davarpanah, L., “The Influence of Short Values of Hydraulic and Sludge Retention Time on Performance of a Membrane Bioreactor Treating Sunflower Oil Refinery Wastewater”, International Journal of Engineering Transactions A: Basics, Vol. 30, No. 10, (2017), 1417-1424.

Download PDF 

International Journal of Engineering
E-mail: office@ije.ir
Web Site: http://www.ije.ir