IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 32, No. 4 (April 2019) 519-527    Article in Press

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G. Kia and A. Hassanzadeh
( Received: December 25, 2018 – Accepted: March 07, 2019 )

Abstract    In this paper, a new hybrid routing protocol is presented for low power Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The new system uses an integrated piezoelectric energy harvester to increase the network lifetime. Power dissipation is one of the most important factors affecting lifetime of a WSN. An innovative cluster head selection technique using Cuckoo optimization algorithm has been used in the designed protocol. The residual energy of the nodes and the distances to the sink were used in the threshold calculations, besides to take advantage of the relay node for communication. A hybrid method using the optimized routing protocol and the integrated energy harvester results in 100% increase in the network lifetime compared to recent clustering-based protocols. The simulations results using MATLAB indicate that energy consumption was been decreased by more than 40%.


Keywords    Clustering; Energy Consumption; Routing Protocols; Wireless Sensor Networks; Piezoelectric; Energy Harvester



در این مقاله یک پروتکل مسیریابی هایبرید برای شبکه‌های حسگر بیسیم توان پایین ارائه شده است. سیستم جدید از یک دریافت‌کننده انرژی‌های محیطی برای افزایش طول عمر شبکه استفاده می‌کند. توان تلفاتی یکی از عوامل مهم در عملکرد طولانی مدت شبکه حسگر بیسیم می‌باشد. یک روش بهینه‌سازی برای انتخاب سرخوشه‌ها با استفاده از الگوریتم فاخته مورد استفاده قرار گرفته است. انرژی باقیمانده نقاط و فاصله تا مرکز برای محاسبه مقدار آستانه، علاوه بر نقاط رله برای این پروتکل استفاده شده است. روش هایبرید با استفاده از پروتکل بهینه‌سازی شده و دریافت‌کننده انرژی مجتمع باعث افزایش 100 درصدی عمر شبکه نسبت به روش‌های دیگر اخیر می‌شود. شبیه‌سازی با استفاده از نرم‌افزار متلب نشان می‌دهد که مصرف انرژی به اندازه 40 درصد کاهش یافته است.


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