IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 32, No. 2 (February 2019) 306-312    Article in Press

PDF URL: http://www.ije.ir/Vol32/No2/B/16-3019.pdf  
downloaded Downloaded: 69   viewed Viewed: 121

A. Jabbar Hassan, T. Boukharouba, D. Miroud and S. Ramtani
( Received: November 04, 2018 – Accepted in Revised Form: January 03, 2019 )

Abstract    Present study focuses on the micro-structural and mechanical behavior effect of friction time for similar (AISI 316-AISI 316 and AISI 304-AISI 304) and dissimilar (AISI 304-AISI 316) joint during continuous drive friction welding. The welding carried out with different friction time: 6.5, 8.5 and 10 s while kept all other conditions constant. The effect of that time on the strength, structural and behavior of welded metals was investigated by Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDAX), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), micro-hardness and tensile test. The obtained results illustrated that the friction time extended was responsible on some harmful mechanical and micro-structural properties of the welded joint. Therefore, increasing in friction time is led to reduce of Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS), reduce of ductility, increasing in level of micro-hardness and larger HPDZ, that was clearly observed in similar joint (AISI 316-AISI 316 and AISI 304-AISI 304).


Keywords    Austenitic stainless steel, Friction time, Microstructure, Micro-hardness, Ultimate tensile strength



در حال حاضر مطالعه بر روی رفتار اصطکاکی میکرو سازه و مکانیکی برای مشابه (AISI 316-AISI 316 و AISI 304-AISI 304) و غیر متقابل (AISI 304-AISI 316) در طی جوشکاری اصطکاک مداوم درایو تمرکز دارد. جوشکاری انجام شده با زمان اصطکاک مختلف: 6.5، 8.5 و 10 ثانیه در حالی که تمام شرایط دیگر را ثابت بوده است. اثر آن زمان بر قدرت، ساختار و رفتار فلزات جوش داده شده توسط اسپکتروسکوپ پراکندگی انرژی (EDAX)، میکروسکوپ الکترونی اسکن (SEM)، میکرو سختی و آزمون کشش مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج به دست آمده بیانگر آن است که زمان اصطکاک طولی بر برخی خواص مکانیکی و میکرو سازه جوش داده شده است. بنابراین، افزایش زمان اصطکاک باعث کاهش شدت مقاومت کششی (UTS)، کاهش قابلیت انعطاف پذیری، افزایش سطح میکرو سختی و افزایش HPDZ می شود که به طور واضح در مفصل مشابه دیده می شود (AISI 316-AISI 316 و AISI 304- AISI 304).


1. Hasanzadeh, R., Azdast, T., Doniavi, A., Babazadeh, S., Lee, R. E., Daryadel, M., Shishavan, S. M., Welding properties of polymeric nanocomposite parts containing alumina nanoparticles in friction stir welding proces, International Journal of Engineering Transactions A: Basics,  (2017), Vol. 30, No. 1, 143-151.
2. Singh, R., Rizvi, S. A., Tewari, S. P., Effect of friction stir welding on the tensile properties of aa6063 under different conditions, International Journal of Engineering. Transactions A: Basics, (2017), Vol. 30, No. 4, 597-603.
3. Shishavan, S. M., Azdast, T., Aghdam, K. M., Hasanzadeh R.,  Moradian M., Daryadel M., Effect of different nanoparticles and friction stir process parameters on surface hardness and morphology of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, International Journal of Engineering Transactions A: Basics, (2018), Vol. 31, No. 7 , 1117-1122.
4. Kimura M., Kusaka M., Kaizu K., Nakata K., Nagatsuka K., Friction welding technique and joint properties of thin-walled pipe friction welded joint between type 6063 aluminium alloy and aisi 304 austenitic stainless steel, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, (2016), 82,489-499.
5. Ç̧elik S., Güneş D., Continuous drive friction welding of al/sic composite and AISI 1030, Welding Journal, (2012), 91, 222s-228s.
6. Hazra M., Rao K.S., Reddy G.M., Friction welding of a nickel free high nitrogen steel: influence of forge force on microstructure, mechanical properties and pitting corrosion resistance, Journal of Material Research and Technology, (2014), 3, 1, 90-100.
7. Özdemir N., Investigation of the mechanical properties of friction welded joints between aisi 304l and aisi 4340 steel as a function rotational speed, Materials Letters, (2005), 59, 2504-2509.
8. Bouarroudj, E., Chikh, S., Abdi, S., Miroud, D., Thermal analysis during rotational friction welding, Applied Thermal Engineering, (2017), 110, 1543-1553.
9. Chen, Y.C., Gholinia, A., Prangnell, P.B., Interface structure and bonding in abrasion circle friction stir spot welding: A novel approach for rapid welding aluminium alloy to steel automotive sheet, Materials Chemistry and Physics, (2012), 134, 459-463.
10. Hassan, A. J., Lechelah, R., Boukharouba, T., Miroud, D., Titouche, N., Ouali, N., History of microstructure evolution and its effect on the mechanical behavior during friction welding for AISI 316, Edts. T. Boukharouba; et al., Springer International Publishing Switzerland, (2017), 51-65.
11. Satyanarayana, V.V., Madhusudhan R. G., and Mohandas, T., Dissimilar metal friction welding of austenitic–ferritic stainless steels, Journal of Material Processing Technology, (2005), 160, 128-137.
12. Uzkut, M., Ünlü, B. S., Akdağ, M., Determination of optimum welding parameters in connecting high alloyed x53crmnnin219 and x45crsi93 steels by friction welding, Bulletin of Material Science, Indian Academy of Sciences, (2011), 34, 4, 815-823.
13. Liu, F.C., and Nelson, T.W., Twining and dynamic recrystallization in austenitic alloy 718 during friction welding, Material Characterization, (2018), 140, 39-44.
14. Mitelea, I., Budau, V., Craciunescu, C., Dissimilar friction welding of induction surface hardened steels and thermo-chemically treated steels, Journal of Material Processing Technology, (2012), 212, 1892-1899. 

Download PDF 

International Journal of Engineering
E-mail: office@ije.ir
Web Site: http://www.ije.ir