Abstract




 
   

IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 32, No. 2 (February 2019) 217-222    Article in Press

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  EXPERIMENTAL STUDY FOR PROTECTION OF PIERS AGAINST LOCAL SCOUR USING SLOTS
 
N. A. Obied and S. I. Khassaf
 
( Received: October 08, 2018 – Accepted in Revised Form: January 03, 2019 )
 
 

Abstract    The most important causes of bridge failure are local scour. In this study, laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the effectiveness of slot as a protection device in reduction of depth of scour at cylindrical piers under clear water flow conditions. The development time of scour depth at the circular pier with and without a slot as a protection device was conducted. The experiments focused on the effect of using different lengths of slot, calculating efficiency and deriving a suitable equation. It was observed that the scour depth decreases as the size of slot length increases; and also the maximum reduction in scour depth equals to 49%. The technique of dimensional analysis was used, and based on laboratory results an empirical formula was derived by using IBM SPSS statistics v24 software. The coefficient of determination (Rē) was determined to be (0.961), There was a good agreement between the predicated and observed data.

 

Keywords    Keywords: slot, scour reduction, circular Pier, dimensional analysis.

 

چکیده   

مهمترین علل شکست پل، تخلیه محلی است. در اين مطالعه، آزمايشهاي آزمايشگاهي به منظور بررسي اثربخشي اسلات به عنوان يك دستگاه حفاظتي در كاهش عمق آبشستگي در خيابانهاي استوانه اي تحت شرايط جريان آب آشاميدني انجام شد. زمان توسعه عمق شستشو در اسکله دایره ای با و بدون اسلات به عنوان یک وسیله حفاظتی انجام شد. این آزمایش ها بر اثر استفاده از طول های مختلف شکاف، محاسبه بازده و برآورد معادله مناسب متمرکز شده است. بر حسب مشاهدات که عمق آبشستگی به دلیل افزایش طول اسلات افزایش می یابد؛ و همچنین حداکثر کاهش عمق آبشستگی برابر با 49٪ است. روش تجزیه و تحلیل ابعاد مورد استفاده قرار گرفت و بر اساس نتایج آزمایشگاهی، یک فرمول تجربی با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS v24، به دست آمد. ضریب تعیین (R2) تعیین شد (0.961)، توافق خوبی بین داده های پیش بینی شده و مشاهده شده وجود داشت.

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