IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 31, No. 7 (July 2018) 1004-1011    Article in Press

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S. Akbarnezhad, A. Soltani Goharrizi and M. Salmanzadeh
( Received: December 12, 2017 – Accepted in Revised Form: February 08, 2018 )

Abstract    The capture efficiency of the small aerosol particle is strongly influenced by the structure of fibrous layers. This study presents particle deposition and dendrite formation on different arrangements of binary fibers. 2-D numerical simulation is performed using the open source software of OpenFOAM. In the instantaneous filtration of a single fiber, obtained results are in good agreement with the existing model. Results showed that addition of nanofiber to microfiber led to high capture efficiency for the particle size 50nm at the cross arrangement with fibers distance 2µm. When particle gets larger, i.e. 150 nm, binary fibers have higher capture efficiency and pressure drop than the single microfiber at all arrangements, especially for the fibers distance 1.5 µm. Therefore, the good fibers arrangement here seems the cross arrangement with the high capture efficiency, average pressure drop and fibers distance 2 µm.


Keywords    BinaryFibers; Eulerian-Lagrangian; Dendrite Formation; Deposition Mechanisms


چکیده    بازده جمع آوری ذرات آئروسل خیلی ریز، به شدت تاثیرپذیر از لایه های فیبری است. این مطالعه، نشست و رشد دندریتی ذرات را بر روی آرایش­های متفاوت فایبرهایی دوتایی ارائه می­کند. شبیه­سازی عددی دوبعدی با نرم­افزار اپن­فوم انجام شد. نتایج بدست آمده از فرآیند فیلتراسیون لحظه­یی، توافق خوبی با مدل­سازی موجود دارد. نتایج نشان می­دهد که افزودن نانوفایبر به میکروفایبر در آرایش متقاطع از فایبرهای دوتایی با فاصله بین مراکز 2 میکرومتر باعث بازده جمع آوری بزرگتری برای ذرات 50 نانومتر در مقایسه با میکروفایبر منفرد است. برای ذرات بزرگتر 150 نانومتر، بازده و افت فشار در سیستم فایبرهای دوتایی در همه آرایش­ها و بویژه برای فاصله بین مراکز 1.5 میکرومتر، بزرگتر از میکرو فایبر منفرد است. بنابراین در اینجا آرایش مناسب از فایبرهای دوتایی برای اندازه ذرات مورد بررسی، آرایش متقاطع با بازده جمع آوری بالا، افت فشار متوسط و فاصله بین مراکز 2 میکرومتر از فایبرها است.


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