IJE TRANSACTIONS C: Aspects Vol. 31, No. 6 (June 2018) 1149-1157   

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Ali Heidari and M. Hashmpour
( Received: November 05, 2017 – Accepted: February 07, 2018 )

Abstract    Acrylic polymer with high stability against chemical materials is a good choice in producing of concrete which is subjected to chemical attack. In this study, self-compacting concrete (SCC) made of acrylic polymer, Nano silica and micro silica has been investigated. The results of the experimental tests showed that the addition of microsilica and polymer content, decreases tensile, compressive, and bending strength. The addition of nanosilica and an increase in polymer content, increases the bending strength of concrete and decreases the tensile and compressive strength. Due to the fact that in the laboratory, number of samples are limited and the amount of variation is small, the proper results cannot be achieved. With the help of neural networks, estimating any amount within the range of input data is possible. In this paper, in addition to the experimental results, the performance of the neural network of backpropagation on the strength of self-compacting polymeric concrete has been dealt with. The results of the neural network showed that using the mean squared normalized error function, resilient backpropagation training function, a tangent-sigmoid and log sigmoid transfer functions, and 5 neurons in each of the hidden layers in a two-layer backpropagation neural network (BNN), have good results in which the regression is 0.95 and the error is 0.17.


Keywords    Backpropagation neural network, Polymeric concrete, self-compacting concrete, Acrylic Polymer


چکیده    پلیمر اکریلیک به­دلیل مقاومت بالا در برابر مواد شیمیایی گزینه مناسبی در ساخت بتن­های مقاوم در برابر حملات شیمیایی است. در این مطالعه به بررسی بتن پلیمری خودمتراکم ساخته شده با پلیمر اکریلیک، نانوسیلیس و میکروسیلیس پرداخته شده­است. نتایج حاصل از آزمایش نمونه­ها نشان داده که افزودن میکروسیلیس و افزایش میزان پلیمر، مقاومت کششی، فشاری و خمشی را کاهش می­دهد. افزودن نانوسیلیس مقاومت خمشی بتن را افزایش و مقاومت کششی و فشاری با افزایش پلیمر کاهش یافته است. این مقدار کاهش به نسبت سایر طرح­ها کمتر است. به­علت آن­که در آزمایشگاه ساخت نمونه­ها محدود و میزان تغییرات مقادیر اندک است نمی­توان به نتیجه مناسبی دست یافت. به کمک شبکه­های عصبی هر مقداری را که در محدوده داده­های ورودی باشد را می­توان تخمین زد. در این مقاله علاوه بر نتایج آزمایشگاهی، عملکرد شبکه عصبی انتشار برگشتی بر تخمین مقاومت بتن خودمتراکم پلیمری پرداخته شده­است. نتایج شبکه عصبی نشان داده که یک شبکه عصبی انتشار برگشتی دو لایه که در آن از تابع خطای استاندارد میانگین، تابع آموزش انعطاف­پذیر، تابع تحریک لوگ سیگموئید و تانژانت سیگموئید، و 5 نرون در هر یک از لایه­های پنهان استفاده شود، نتایج مناسبی حاصل شده که در آن رگرسیون 95/0 و مقدار خطا 17/0 است.

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