IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 31, No. 10 (October 2018) 1280-1288   

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A. H. Safaei Ghadikolaei, Z. Akbarzadeh, M. Madhoushi and H. Aghajani
( Received: January 02, 2018 – Accepted: April 26, 2018 )

Abstract    In the recent years, LARG supply chain (SC) paradigm, as a new alternative for organizations, has been emerged that is a combination of four SC paradigms i.e. lean, agile, resilient, and green; and encompassed theirs advantages. For exploiting of LARG advantages in SC companies have to recognize proper practices and implemented them with a appropriate planning and creating a good infrastructure. In this way, the present research is seeking to extract the LARG SC’ practices with review on literature and localize them in dairy industries SC by using fuzzy Saaty Delphi's method. Then, to determine importance of practices and drawing their impact relation map by using combination approach of fuzzy decision making trial and evaluation (FDEMATEL) with fuzzy analytical network process (FANP) techniques i.e. FDANP. Finally, in order to determine priority of practice’s implementation by using interpretative structural model (ISM). Totally, 166 practices have been recognized including 52 practices for lean SC, 32 practices for agile SC, 42 practices for resilient SC, 40 practices for green SC. The result indicates just in time (0.0657) and takt time (0.0651) are most important, and active participation of managers and staff in recovery process (0.0219) is less important practices, and lean (0.307) and green (0.178) SC paradigms, respectively are more and less important paradigms in dairy industries SC. In addition, just in time, takt time, relationships with suppliers and developing visibility in SC have highest priority in order to implementing in dairy industries SC.


Keywords    LARG Supply Chain, FDANP Technique, ISM, LARG Paradigms Practices, Dairy Industries.


چکیده    طی سال­های اخیر، پارادایم زنجیره تأمین لارج که ترکیبی از چهار تفکر ناب، چابک، تاب­آور و سبز است، به عنوان یکی از گزینه‌های انتخابی برای زنجیره تأمین سازمان­ها ظهور پیدا نموده، به طوری که مزایای ناب بودن، چابکی، تاب­آوری و سبز بودن را در خود جای داده است. به­منظور بهره­مندی از مزایای لارج در زنجیره تأمین ابتدا باید اقدامات مناسب شناسایی شوند و با برنامه­ریزی صحیح بستر لازم را برای ساری و جاری ساختن آنها فراهم گردد. در همین راستا، پژوهش حاضر درصدد است با مروری بر ادبیات تحقیق اقدامات مربوط به هریک از پاردایم‌های زنجیره تأمین لارج را شناسایی و با استفاده از روش دلفی فازی در زنجیره تأمین صنایع لبنی بومی­سازی نماید. سپس، با استفاده از رویکرد ترکیبی از تکیک­های دیمتل فازی و فرآیند تحلیل شبکه فازی یا به اختصار FDANP درجه اهمیت اقدامات زنجیره تأمین لارج را در صنایع لبنی تعیین و روابط علی بین آنها را ترسیم نماید. در نهایت با استفاده روش مدل ساختاری تفسیری اولویت اجرای هر یک از اقدامات را معین کند. مجموعاً 166 اقدام استخراج شدند که، 52 اقدام مربوط به زنجیره تأمین ناب، 32 اقدام مربوط به زنجیره تأمین چابک، 42 اقدام مربوط به زنجیره تأمین تاب­آور و 40 اقدام مربوط به زنجیره تأمین سبز بودند. نتابج حاکی از آن است که، تولید به هنگام (0657/0) و زمان تکت (0651/0) مهم­ترین و مشارکت فعال کارکنان و مدیران در فرآیند بازیابی (0219/0) کم­اهمیت­ترین اقدامات در صنایع لبنی هستند. علاوه­براین، تولید به هنگام، زمان تکت، ارتباط با تأمین­کنندگان و توسعه قابلیت رویت در زنجیره تأمین بالاترین اولویت اجرا را در زنجیره تأمین صنایع لبنی دارند.

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