IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 28, No. 4 (April 2015) 529-536   

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M. Sarvi, M. Parpaei, I. Soltani and M. A. Taghikhani
( Received: August 07, 2013 – Accepted: March 13, 2015 )

Abstract    A bunch of factors including the limited fossil resources and rising of fossil fuel price have been causes moving to create the new structure that is based on providing energy security, and protect the environment. One of the alternatives is the fuel cell (FC). Maximum power point tracker has an important role to increase the efficiency of the FC systems. One of the difficulties in maximum power point tracking methods is rapid changes in operating conditions which affects the maximum power point (MPP) of FC. The main contribution of this paper is presentation of a robust and reliable maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method for tracking of MPP of FC under fast variation of operating conditions. The proposed method is based on eagle strategy. In order to verify the accuracy of the proposed method, simulations are performed in MATLAB/SIMULINK. The proposed method is compared with perturb and observe (P&O) and fuzzy MPPT methods. The results show that eagle strategy based MPPT approach can track the MPP of fuel cell better than P&O and fuzzy MPPT. The main features of the proposed approach are high speed for duty cycle determining and high accuracy in MPP tracking of FC in the any contingency.


Keywords    Maximum power point tracking, Fuel cell, Eagle strategy, Differential evolution.


چکیده    دسته‌ای از عوامل از جمله منابع فسیلی محدود و افزایش قیمت سوخت فسیلی حرکتی را به سمت ایجاد ساختار جدید در جهت تامین امنیت انرژی و حفاظت از محیط زیست ایجاد کرده است. یکی از راه ها پیل سوختی (FC) است. ردیاب نقطه توان ماکزیمم نقش مهمی در افزایش بهره وری از سیستم FC دارد. یکی از مشکلات در روش ردیابی نقطه توان ماکزیمم تغییرات سریع در شرایط عملیاتی است که روی نقطه توان ماکزیمم (MPP) سیستم FC تاثیر گذار است. سهم اصلی این مقاله ارائه یک روش ردیابی نقطه توان ماکزیمم (MPPT) قوی و قابل اعتماد برای ردیابی MPP در FC تحت تغییر سریع شرایط عملیاتی است. روش ارائه شده بر روی استراتژی عقاب استوار است. به منظور بررسی دقت روش ارائه شده، شبیه سازی در MATLAB / SIMULINK انجام شده است. روش ارائه شده با روشهای(P & O) وMPPT فازی مقایسه گردید .نتایج نشان می دهد که رویکرد MPPT بر اساس استراتژی عقاب می تواند MPP سلول سوختی را بهتر از P & O و MPPT ردیابی کند. مهمترین ویژگی های رویکرد ارائه شده سرعت بالا برای تعیین چرخه و دقت بالا در ردیابی MPP در FC در هر حالت احتمالی است.


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